TERMS OF REFERENCE
GENDER AND PROTECTION ASSESSMENT
Oxfam is an international confederation of 19 organisations working in over 60 countries worldwide to find lasting solutions to poverty and injustice around the world. Oxfam works with communities and local partners before, during, and after crises to build their resilience, save lives, and together address the root causes of conflict and disaster. Oxfam’s works also aims at helping people and communities affected by disasters develop core competencies to strengthen their resilience and continue to reorient the humanitarian system towards local leadership.
The ASAL Humanitarian Network (AHN) is a platform led by local and national NGOs promoting a humanitarian system that enables more locally led response. Its current 30 members are all operational within the arid and semi-arid (ASAL) counties in Northern Kenya. They have a wide array of expertise, including food security and livelihoods, cash transfer programming, WASH, media and advocacy and community engagement. As a network, member organisations complement and add value to each other’s programmes and have invested in structures that cover the breadth of the ASAL counties that can be used for rapid and timely delivery of interventions, whilst coming together with a collective voice against injustice.
Background, rationale and purpose of the study
The Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) counties are known to be affected by recurrent disasters ranging from drought, conflict, floods and disease outbreaks. Recently, the Government of Kenya (GoK) issued a drought alert for the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) counties following the poor performance of the long rains between March and May 2021. 2.14 million people needed humanitarian assistance by the end of July 2021, and a projected 2.51 million people would need humanitarian assistance between August and October 2021.
Women, men, children, and vulnerable populations are all affected differently by humanitarian crises. In the context of drought in the ASAL counties, the AHN drought needs assessment found that women, children, and the elderly are among the most affected and at-risk population groups. They are left behind in villages with little access to food. The drought is affecting food availability, access (with poorer terms of trade, increased food prices) and utilization (reduction in nutritious food such as milk and dietary diversity). Vulnerable groups, including elderly, children, women, and persons living with disabilities are increasingly unable to meet their daily food needs.
This drought comes on top of the worst locust infestation ever and the COVID-19 pandemic, that already tested the resilience of the population in the ASAL counties. A nationwide study by UN Women, Care and Oxfam undertaken in 2020 on the impact of COVID -19 on gender revealed that both women and men are resorting to acts of GBV as a result of “idleness, stress, and conflicts over scarce resources”. Girls are being married off to provide an alternative income source. Most often, the victims are women and girls. Sexual violence was reported as the most prevalent form of GBV (35%) during the pandemic followed by child marriage (25%) and physical violence (17%). The drought is expected to exacerbate these protection risks, though the scale in not yet known. COVID-19 also disrupted care and support for gender-based violence survivors including access to legal services. Services in one-stop crisis centres in tertiary level hospitals are affected. Safety, security and access to judicial services has been disrupted as government institutions shift resources to public health. Previously, survivors of SGBV have requested financial support to enable an independent source of income in a safer environment. It is anticipated that such requests will increase with the drought, alongside the need for care and legal support.
The purpose of the Gender and Protection assessment is to provide essential information about gender roles and responsibilities, capacities and vulnerabilities specific to the drought and other disasters that are anticipated and to support the AHN response through recommendations for programming (including stand-alone and mainstreaming of interventions). The Gender and Protection assessment will be done in the ASAL counties where the AHN will be responding
2. Specific objectives of the study
The specific objectives of the assessment are:
· Establish a clear understanding of the different gender and protection issues affecting men and women, girls and boys in the targeted ASAL counties.
· Analyzing the root causes of gender inequalities in the context of drought and other anticipated disasters and how it affects men, women, boys and girls at both household level and within the communities in the 10 counties.
· Analyze the impact of the disaster on the ASAL counties and assess the effects on women, men, girls and boys in different ways (including SGBV) and their copying strategies.
· Establish the different SGBV services available, their access by the SGBV survivors (specifically legal, health and psychosocial services) and the main blockers for gaining access to the services.
· Identify programming opportunities, strengths, gaps and recommended strategies for designing a gender-responsive programme to meet the needs and interests of women, men, boys and girls so as to enhance program effectiveness.
· Defining clear recommendations for an intervention strategy of the disaster responses with a feminist approach.
3. Scope of the assessment, approach and methods, establishing the basic methodological requirements.
Proposed study methodology
The consultant will be expected to adopt a mixed method approach. This will entail combining qualitative and quantitative methods into the assessment. This will be refined upon contracting.
Gender Sensitive Methodology: The consultant will adopt gender equality principles that will aim to address any gender biases that may arise during the study.
Sample Size Calculation: The identified consultant is expected to identify an appropriate sampling technique for both the qualitative and quantitative data collection methods which will be discussed and agreed with Oxfam and AHN members prior to the data collection exercise.
Data collection tools and Instruments :The identified consultant will develop relevant data collection tools and identify the appropriate means for collecting the data which will be discussed and agreed with Oxfam and AHN Members, prior to the data collection exercise.
The data will be analysed using appropriate data analysis packages. The data should be presented in a logical, meaningful, reader friendly and simple language on a date agreed with Oxfam and AHN Members.
Ethical Considerations: The consultant will put in place measures to ensure data collection adheres to all necessary ethics and guidelines provided by local laws on data protection, the GDPR and ethics standards.
Roles and responsibilities:
The Gender and Protection assessment will be conducted jointly by AHN members in each of the counties led by a Consultant in gender and coordinated b by Pastoralist Girls Initiative (PGI) .
Agreement on Terms of Reference
With agreement from AHN (secretariat and members)
Development of timeline and budget
In agreement with AHN Partner and AHN secretariat
Development (and testing) of tools
Consultant in collaboration with AHN Partner
In consultation with AHN partners and support (as necessary) from Oxfam
Training of enumerators
In consultation with Partner and AHN
Consultant in collaboration with AHN partners the respective county.
With support AHN partners
Analysis of data
With support of Oxfam and AHN Partners(as necessary)
With support of Oxfam and AHN (secretariat and members) as required, including for review.
4. Consultancy team: qualifications and skills needed,
At the minimum, the consultant(s) must possess the following:
- Postgraduate in Gender and Development studies, Women studies, Development Studies, or related field.
- A strong understanding of gender justice and women’s rights, development, humanitarian and protection issues and the social, cultural and economic context.
- Demonstrated experience in conducting gender and protection assessments.
- Previous experience undertaking similar assignments in remote areas including ASAL areas.
- Demonstrate a good understanding of the Kenyan context particularly on matters related to gender.
- Experience of effective interaction with local and national institutions, both government and CSO’s on gender and protection issues.
- Be conversant with current gender laws, policies and practice in Kenya.
- Practical application of cross cutting themes like gender mainstreaming, Protection, M&E, Advocacy.
- Excellent report writing and quantitative and qualitative data collection and analytical skills.
- Fluency in English and Swahili.
5. Schedule, budget, logistics and deliverables. Include outline of the report (see below)
The Schedule is as follows:
Within 3 days after signing the contract.
The inception report should detail the following:
- The consultant’s clear understanding of the proposed assignment.
- Methodology to be used for the assignment.
- Data types, collection plans and analytical approach.
- Overall work plan for the assignment
Zero Draft Report
- 20 working days after submission of the Inception Report in the format below:
Final Report **
- Within the last five days to the expiry of the contract duration which is approximated as 40 working days.
The production of the assessment report will be the liability of the consultancy team covering all the aspects as outlined in the ToRs. The final report should be:
- Produced in English language and should be simple in expression and easy to understand.
- The final research report (including an Executive Summary) and presentation of a summary report in PowerPoint.
- The final report should be no more than 30 pages excluding Executive summary, appendices and bibliography.
- The report format and text should be an A4 paper size and a legible font.
- The consultant will be liable to submit an electronic copy of the assessment report by the agreed deadline.
The assessment report should contain the different elements mentioned below. All parts should be clearly distinguished from each other and of sufficient quality.
- Cover page.**
- Table of contents.**
- An executive summary that should include the major findings of the assessment and summarise conclusions and recommendations. **
- The objectives of the assessment.**
- A justification of the methods and techniques used (including relevant underlying values and assumptions, theories) with a justification of the selections made (of persons interviewed, villages or activity sites visited). **
- Eventual limitations of the assessment.**
- A presentation of the findings and the analysis thereof (including unexpected, relevant findings).**
- Conclusions which must be derived from findings and analysis thereof.**
- Recommendations should be clearly related to conclusions but presented separately. Recommendations should be practical and divided up for various actors or stakeholders and include guidelines of how they can be implemented.**
- Report annexes that include: data collection tools and schedule, sampling procedures and frame and sampled villages, and list of survey team members.**
- References to sources used, such as interviews, literature, reports, must be given.**
The expected deliverables are as follows: –
- Complete bibliography of documents/materials/data used during desk review of secondary sources.
- Power point presentation of assessment plan, timelines and activities.
- Final data collection tools, data bases and analysis plan.
- First draft of assessment report.
- Validation of the report
- Final assessment report.
- Power point presentation of main findings and conclusions for debriefing purposes; and
- All data collection questionnaires, hard copies of filled in questionnaires, clean data set and analysis files.
Confidentiality of issues discussed MUST be stressed during interviews and safeguarded by the partners and the consultant(s). The data should be disaggregated by gender and age as it is extremely important when identifying key issues of the response and assessing gender and protection vulnerabilities
6. Dissemination strategy, plan and responsibilities for sharing and using the findings.
The assessment shall be used by the ASAL Humanitarian Network and Oxfam to
· Develop gender sensitive and responsive programmes for the different communities.
· Advocate and influence changes in the Humanitarian practices, policies in addressing Gender Based Violence in Emergencies (GBViE).
· Advocate for resource allocation for gender related programming by local governments and all stakeholders involved in responses.
· Create linkages for support for gender related cases and gaps identified.
7. Process of the selection of the team and expectations for study proposal
Firms or Consultant(s) who meet the requirements should submit expression of interest (Maximum 15 pages), which should include the following:
· A suitability statement, including commitment to availability for the entire assignment when required.
· A brief statement on the proposed case study methodology including a detailed plan.
· A detailed financial proposal. The financial proposal should include daily costs.
· Updated curriculum vitae that clearly spell out relevant qualifications and experience.
NB once the selection process has been completed, the ToR should be updated accordingly (e.g methodologies and approaches agreed upon).
How to apply
Interested consultants are requested to submit their expression of interest (EOI) including articulating their understanding of this assignment, proposal, daily rates, and curriculum Vitae with three (3) referees. Please submit applications on or before**13th December** 2021 and indicate EOI for Gender and Protection Assessment Consultancy Service in the subject line to the email address KPConsultacyServices@oxfam.org.uk
The detailed Terms of Reference can be downloaded from here